How to Choose the Best Toilet for Your Home

Updated: May 28, 2024

Buy a toilet that flushes well and fits your bathroom, budget and backside.

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scanty toilet in a modern bathroomvia

How to choose a toilet — The Basics

Whatever you call it, the bathroom toilet is one of the most important items in your house. While the color and cost matter, how much water it uses and how well it flushes matter more. A good one conserves water and generates enough power to clean the bowl in a single flush. (A bad one can be a 20-year pain in the butt.) This article will help you choose a high-performance dunny that will fit your bathroom, budget and backside.

A new generation of low-flow models

Since 1994, low-flow toilets that use 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf) or less have been the federal standard. The first generation of low-flow toilets sucked—or rather, they didn’t. That’s mostly because manufacturers tweaked a few things to reduce the amount of water used but didn’t change the basic design. You had to flush the darn thing twice (so much for water savings!). But 15 years later, more of these toilets actually work. Manufacturers have made significant design improvements such as larger trap-ways to prevent clogging and larger flush valves that allow a more powerful rush of water to enter the bowl. The following tips will make choosing a new bathroom toilet a lot easier.

How Much Do New Toilets Cost?

You can get a “contractor special” cheap toilets for less than $75. But everything from the working parts to the quality of the glazing will likely be low quality. And don’t expect a powerful flush from cheap toilets. You’re going to use your toilet every day for years, so get a good one. Plan to spend $100 to $500 for a gravity toilet and $225 to $600 for a pressure-assist model.

Shop plumbing supply houses and bathroom showrooms

Home centers offer some but not all of the top-ranked toilets. Click here to check out the latest Home Depot toilets. For the widest selections in makes and models, visit bathroom showrooms and check online retailers.

Consider Future Repair Costs

Custom seats and unusual flush mechanisms add a cool factor, but they’ll cost you time, money and frustration if they ever need replacing. A replacement custom toilet seat, for example, costs more than $100 (if you can even find one years later).

Solve a sweating tank problem

If a sweating, dripping toilet tank has been a problem with your current can, choose a pressure-assist model. Since the water is held inside an inner tank, the outer tank won’t sweat. Or if you prefer a gravity toilet, order one with factory-installed tank insulation for an additional $50 to $100 (depending on the model).

buying toilet tips anatomyFamily Handyman

Figure A: Find a Good Flusher

A toilet’s flushing performance is what matters most. To find a top performer, shop at home centers like the Home Depot toilets section with these features in mind.

Tip 1: Compare flush ratings online

Since you’re probably going to live with your toilet for 10 years or more, it’s worth doing 10 minutes of research before you buy. Compare independent test results of the “flushing performance” across manufacturers and specific toilet models by typing “toilet testing” into a search engine.

For more toilet reviews, visit Top-ranked toilets include specific models of Home Depot toilets like Glacier Bay; Kohler’s Wellworth and Cimarron; American Standard’s Cadet 3 FloWise; and Gerber’s UltraFlush.

Kohler Cimarron Comfort Height ToiletFamily Handyman

Recommendation: Kohler Cimarron Comfort Height

Kohler Cimarron Comfort Height elongated 1.6 gpf, model K-3589; at home centers, like the Home Depot toilets section and online retailers. Get to know the difference between chair height and standard height toilet to make sure you buy the right one.

Tip 2: Check for rebates on high-efficiency models

A toilet accounts for a third of your household water use. High-efficiency toilets (HET) that use 1.28 gallons or less earn the EPA’s WaterSense label. These can save 4,000 gallons of water per person annually, and some water utilities offer rebates if you install one (check with yours). However, check independent test results before you buy (see the Web sites in Tip 1 above). Our plumbers report more staining and clogging problems with some high-efficiency models.

American Standard Cadet toilet

Recommendation: American Standard Cadet toilet

American Standard Compact Cadet 1.28 gpf, model 2403; at home centers, like the Home Depot toilets aisle and online retailers.

Tip 3: Get a pressure-assist toilet if a clean bowl using less water is a top priority

According to the plumbers we spoke with, pressure-assist toilets are more water-efficient flushers than gravity toilets. They have a separate tank that holds water under pressure, which releases with great velocity and removes waste thoroughly when you flush. They’re also pricier ($100 plus) and a lot noisier than gravity types. (See our field editor comments below.) Finding parts and making repairs can also be more of a headache with pressure-assist toilets.

For more info on gravity and pressure-assist toilets, type “toilet performance” in the search box above.

Gerber Ultra Flush ToiletFamily Handyman

Recommendation: Gerber Ultra Flush

Gerber Ultra Flush pressure-assist 1.6 gpf, model 21-302; at plumbing showrooms and online retailers.

Tip 4: Consider a Wall-Hung Toilet to Make Cleaning Easier

One-piece toilets are easier to clean (fewer nooks and crannies), but they’re also more expensive and can be harder to install than a two-piece unit (they’re a lot heavier than a separate bowl and tank). If you’re feeling flush and want truly easy cleaning, consider a wall-mounted toilet.

Toto Aquia ToiletFamily Handyman

Recommendation: Toto Aquia

Toto Aquia wall-hung high-efficiency dual-flush 1.6 and 0.8 gpf; at plumbing showrooms and online retailers.

Tip 5: Consider a taller toilet

Toilets that comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act have higher bowl heights of 17 in. or 19 in. vs. the standard 15 in. A higher bowl can be more comfortable for taller and older people and easier on backs and knees. But it can be harder for kids and shorter folks to use, and it costs $50 to $100 more. If you’re not sure, sit on the toilet in the store. It feels silly, but you’ll get what you want.

Gerber Avalanche toiletFamily Handyman

Recommendation: Gerber Avalanche

Gerber Avalanche high-efficiency 1.28 gpf, model 21-824, 17-in. ErgoHeight; at plumbing showrooms and online retailers.

Tip 6: Measure the rough-in

The distance from the wall to the middle of the flange bolts that hold down the toilet will narrow your toilet choices. Twelve inches is standard, but 10-in. and 14-in. models are available. Unless you’re significantly remodeling, make installation easier by choosing a toilet with the same rough-in as your existing toilet. Make sure to account for the thickness of your baseboard.

For how-to tips on replacing a toilet, type “replace a toilet” in the search box above.

What is the rough-in?

The rough-in is the distance from the center of the toilet flange (the hold-down bolts) to the wall. Buy a toilet that fits the rough-in distance so you don’t have the difficult job of moving the flange.

Tip 7: Beware of bigger bowls

Elongated bowls are 2 in. longer and more comfortable for many people. But before you upgrade from a standard round bowl, take some measurements. We’ve heard a lot of stories about doors and drawers that couldn’t be opened after an elongated bowl was installed.

Tip 8: Consider a dual-flush toilet

These have a .8-gpf button for liquids and a 1.6-gpf button for solids and use about 25 percent less water than a regular 1.6-gpf toilet. Dual-flush toilets are available in both gravity and pressure-assist models. They’re pricier than other types (an additional $150 to $300 depending on the model) and they come in fewer color and style options. Also, the flush button or handle can be awkward to push on some models.

American Standard H2Option Siphonic ToiletFamily Handyman

Recommendation: American Standard H2Option

American Standard H2Option Siphonic Dual Flush Elongated 1.6 or 1.0 gpf, model 2887- 216; at home centers and online retailers

Tips From Our Field Editors

Our field editors from across the country share their insights and experience with new toilets.

“Ho. Lee. Cow. We HATE our toilet. It claims the ability to flush 24 golf balls. Seriously. Maybe it could do 24 golf balls one at a time over a two-week period with a string pulling them down.”
— Murph Krajewski

Beware of Pressure-Assist Noise

“Our builder installed the LOUDEST toilets in the world. When someone flushes, I have to pause the TV so I don’t miss any dialogue. I installed a gravity toilet in my basement, and when our newborn is napping, I make everyone go there to potty!”
— Jason Hirsbrunner

“My pressure-assist toilet flushes extremely well, but it’s very loud. It sounds like it’s flushing the whole bathroom down with it.”
— Tom Rohlf

Beware of Nonstandard Parts

“We got an “uber-cool” toilet and I wish we hadn’t. The seat is custom, so we’ll have to spend $115 to replace it someday, and the innards aren’t normal, so when things eventually wear out, we’ll be rigging it with odds and ends to make it work.”
— Kristin Green

Colored Toilets make a House Harder to Sell

“Most people can compromise when it comes to a low vs. high, round vs. elongated toilet, but color is almost always nontransferable from one owner to another! Avoid designer color toilets like the plague.”
— Joseph Papay, Craftsman & Design Services.

While you’re at it, get to know about the vault toilet, a waterless toilet system for large-scale use.

Cushioned Seats Don’t Age Gracefully

“The first one didn’t fit, the next one seemed OK until it cracked and pinched your leg when you sat on it, and the last one made a humorous sound when you sat down. No more cushioned seats!”
— Bruce Dexter

Add A Tush of Class and Get a Slow-Close, Removable Seat

“We really like the slow-drop seats with the quick disconnect feature for easy cleaning. With two little ones, it saves slamming seats in the middle of the night and makes cleaning a snap.”
— Jack Bauer