How to Replace a Fluorescent Light Ballast
Stop fluorescent lights from flickering and humming with a new ballast.
Replace the ballast when your fluorescent light flickers or makes an annoying hum. The repair will only take about 10 minutes.
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$20 – $100
Replace the fluorescent light ballast in four steps.
When your fluorescent light flickers or makes a loud and annoying hum, a degrading ballast is the cause. The ballast takes in electricity and then regulates current to the bulbs. A typical ballast will generally last about 20 years, but cold environments and bad bulbs can decrease this lifespan significantly. You can get a new ballast at a hardware store or home center and install it in about 10 minutes. However, buying a ballast can be expensive, so consider pricing a brand-new fixture for comparison.
Start by flipping off the circuit breaker or unplugging the light. Remove the bulbs and open up the fixture as shown in Photo 1. There will be four to eight wires coming out of the ballast. Photos 2 and 3 show how to remove the old ballast from the fluorescent light fixture. Confirm that the new ballast matches the old one (photo below) and then install it as shown in Photo 4. After mounting the new ballast, replace the ballast compartment cover and bulbs, and it should be good for another 20 years.
Caution: Turn power off at the main panel before performing this fluorescent light fixtures repair.
Buying a New Ballast
Take the old ballast to the store with you. Compare the new and old ballasts to verify that the wiring diagrams, voltage and current match before installing the new ballast.
Required Tools for this Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
Required Materials for this Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.