How to Build a Homemade BarUpdated: Jan. 24, 2023
Think of it as an investment!
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Whether you want to hang out with friends or save money compared to a night out on the town, a home bar can be a nice addition. Even if you don’t drink, it can still be a place to gather. We talked with dozens of bar builders—DIYers and pros—and collected their best ideas for the perfect home bar and DIY bar plans.
Anatomy of a Bar
A. Standard bar height is 42 in. Bar stools will be easier to find if you stick with that height.
B. The overhang should be at least 8 in., but when it comes to knee room, more is better.
C. Most bar stools are 30 in. tall—perfect for standard bar height. But watch out: Some stools are several inches taller or shorter.
D. The bar top should be 16 to 20 in. wide, including the molding; more than that is a waste of space.
E. Bar molding serves three critical purposes:
- It keeps spilled drinks from dribbling off the bar and onto your lap.
- It provides a comfy armrest and lets you properly slouch over your beer.
- Most important, it makes your home bar look more official.
F. The drink rail is where drinks get poured on a traditional bar. It’s a nice feature, but not a necessity for a home bar.
G. A drip lip—simply a thin strip of protruding wood—keeps spills from running off the bar top.
H. A lower home bar counter is the perfect place to slice lemons, set bottles or install a bar sink. But it adds complexity to the project and eats up a lot of space, so home bar builders often skip it.
J. The minimum stool spacing is 2 ft. of bar per seat. That will feel crowded to big guys, so go to 30 in. if you can.
K. The foot rail should be 7 to 9 in. off the floor. Metal railing (usually brass) is expensive ($200 for an 8-ft. run), so many home bars have a simple ledge instead.
You can opt for a metal, stone or wood base for your bar, and still include the elements above.
Finished basement centerpiece
Mike spent three years turning his unfinished basement into an entertainment space, complete with full bath, home theater and a shrine to the Cincinnati Reds.
Mike Kinross, DIYer
Liberty Township, Ohio
“It strokes my ego when friends say: ‘You did this yourself? Amazing!’”
Mike Kinross faced his small basement bar with stone (manufactured stone instead of natural, but even Fred Flintstone couldn’t tell the difference). Though it was his first stone project, Mike tells us it was easy—fussy and time-consuming, but not difficult.
Build in a drip tray
Beer drip trays catch spills, keep them off the finish and clean up easily. Just cut a recess out of the upper bar top layer to create a perfect pocket for the tray.
The 6 x 12-in. stainless steel tray shown here is available through our affiliation with amazon.com.
Bar molding tips
Some suppliers carry curved bar molding. But curves are costly; this radius corner was $150. Mitered corners are much cheaper!
Prop it up for miters
The underside of most bar molding tilts downward when installed. So you can’t just lay it on the saw bed when you make angled cuts. Instead, set the molding on blocks to hold it at the correct tilt. (You can lay the molding flat to make 90-degree cuts, however.) Tape the molding to limit tear-out where the saw teeth exit the wood.
“Clamp” it with screws
Bar molding is almost impossible to clamp in place. So do some test fitting, fastening it with screws from below. Make sure all the joints are aligned and snug, then remove the screws, add glue and drive the screws back in.
Fill in dead ends
The butt end of bar molding leaves you with exposed rabbets. Some suppliers sell end caps, which are easy to install but look awkward. So here’s a better solution: Run the bar molding about 5/8 in. past the back edge of the bar top. Then fill the rabbets with blocks cut from wood with a similar grain pattern. Hold the blocks in place for about a minute. After the glue has completely dried, sand the end flush and add the drip lip. The lip shown here is simply a homemade strip of wood, 3/8 in. thick with rounded edges. The photo shows it installed.
Seal the end grain
With bar molding, you get a large area of exposed end grain. The end grain of wood sucks up more stain than the face grain and turns out a lot darker—almost black if you’re using a dark stain. To prevent that, pretreat the end grain with sealer, which will partially fill the pores. A couple of ounces of polyurethane mixed with a couple of tablespoons of thinner (water or mineral spirits, depending on the type of polyurethane) works well. If you slop seal onto the face grain, sand it off.
Most bar moldings fit over a bar top made from two layers of 3/4-in.-thick material. The lower layer is usually plywood. The top layer can be plywood, solid wood, hardwood flooring, or even tile or stone. You won’t find bar molding at home centers or lumberyards, but there are dozens of suppliers online. Costs range from $10 to $40 per linear ft., depending on wood species and width. It pays to shop around. Most suppliers carry lengths up to 8 ft., but a few offer 12-ft. lengths.
Bar moldings range in width from 4-1/4 in. to almost 7 in. If you have a sliding miter saw, you can cut even the widest bar molding. But a standard 10-in. miter saw won’t cut miters—and maybe not even crosscuts—on wide molding. Be sure to check your saw before ordering molding.
Here are some tips for working with the stuff.
Mock it up
See how your plan looks—and work out potential problems—before you start cutting wood.
Jason Meeks, DIYer
Stevens Point, WI
“A mock-up is the best way to plan. And a lot cheaper than making changes after the bar is built.” Jason built a bar a few years ago and now plans to upgrade by replacing the wood bar top with a concrete top.
Every DIY bar builder we talked with told us that planning is tough. With so many dimensions and space considerations, using pencil and paper just doesn’t provide a clear preview of the final results. So take an hour or two to build a model. Scavenge some cardboard or pick up some foam insulation at a home center (less than $10 for a 4 x 8-ft. sheet).
Galvanized steel roofing has become a fashionable material indoors. But aside from style, John Solis found that steel has a ton of practical benefits.
- Inexpensive: John paid less than $1 per sq. ft.
- Fast and easy to install: no painting or finishing needed.
- Durable and maintenance-free.
- Easy access: Need to run new beer lines to the taps? New speaker or TV wiring? Just unscrew the steel to open up stud cavities.
As a trim carpenter, Dean has lots of friends in the building trades and got lots of help with his barroom.
Dean Peacock, Carpenter,
“The friends who helped build my bar love to stop in for a glass of my excellent home brew.”
Dean Peacock wanted to top off his DIY bar with something tougher than wood. He first thought about kitchen countertop materials like solid surfacing, granite and quartz. But those options are expensive and pro-installed—and Dean likes to do everything himself. Then he came across these Italian granite slabs at a tile store. Framed in oak, they made the perfect bar top. If you’d like to follow Dean’s lead, contact a granite countertop fabricator. They often sell smaller leftover slabs at a bargain price.
Advice on tap
At Roger Dunning’s bar, beer flows from kegs kept cold by a fridge in the next room and propelled by CO2 pressure. Aside from the fridge, the system came as a kit that cost about $300. After using (and loving) his system for a few years, Roger has this advice:
- Buy small kegs. Depending on the type of beer, it stays fresh for just a month or two. After that, you have to shed a tear and send the leftover beer down the drain. For most home bars, 5-gallon kegs are big enough.
- Every six weeks or so, you have to spend 20 minutes flushing the system with a cleaning solution. This is mandatory. If you’re not willing to do it, stick with bottled beer.
- Insulate the lines with pipe insulation and expanding foam. That keeps the beer cold and fully carbonated and prevents condensation from forming on the tubing and dripping inside walls.
- Install one more tap than you think you’ll need. You’ll be glad you did.
Required Tools for this Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
- Air compressor
- Air hose
- Brad nail gun
- Caulk gun
- Cordless drill
- Framing square
- Miter saw
- Orbital sander
- Safety glasses
Required Materials for this Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.
- 2 x 4s
- 3/4-in. plywood
- Bar molding
- Base material
- Beer tap kit
- Construction adhesive
- Drywall screws
- Foam insulation
- Hardwood trim
- Metal drip tray
- Wood glue