Ready-made storage components make organizing your closet simple and inexpensive. This article compares features of three different systems and explains basic installation techniques.
By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine
You might also like: TBD
A full day
Closet Systems Overview
If you have a messy closet and a free Saturday, this built in closet systems story is for you. Thanks to great-looking ready-made storage components, organizing your bedroom closet has never been easier or more affordable. You’ll find these systems at home centers and online retailers, and in many cases, you can mix and match components from different manufacturers to get exactly what you want.
In this article, we’ll show you three different storage systems designed to organize a standard 8-ft. x 24-in.-deep closet. The built in closet systems range in price from $200 to $500 and use laminate or fixed wire or a combination of the two. Each has the same basic components: a “tower” composed of drawers and shelves that provides the sturdy center of the system; a single closet rod on one side for long clothes; and stacked closet rods on the other side to hang shirts and folded pants. Ready-made systems usually come with easy-to-follow instructions. To make organizing a beautiful closet on a budget a breeze, we’ll focus on design and installation tips that you won’t find in the manufacturer’s instructions. Plus, check out these DIY closet organization ideas on a budget.
Beyond Plain White Wire
Affordable ready-made storage components have come a long way in the past few years. They feature better hardware and new finishes and accessories that were once available only on high-end systems. Now your bedroom closet can look great and work like a professionally installed custom closet-at less than half the price.
Three Built In Closet Systems- 3 budget options
Laminate storage system
Available in 3/4-in. particleboard with a tough baked-on (or “thermally fused”) Melamine resin coating.
Offers a wide variety of built in closet drawers, doors and finishes.
Sleek, built-in look.
Telescoping poles and predrilled holes allow you to easily add shelves and accessories.
Twice the price of wire systems.
A coating on less expensive built in closet systems scratches and chips more easily.
Heavy objects may cause the laminate to sag over time, and the particleboard core won’t stand up to moisture.
Combination laminate and wire system
Combines the economy of wire shelving with the built-in look of a laminate tower.
Tower provides flexibility for accessories and future expansion.
Wire shelves provide sturdy support for heavy items.
Some built in closet systems will only work with components from the same system. When you’re buying pieces from different systems, make sure the shelf and drawer depths, as well as the colors, will work together.
Wire storage system
Fixed wire systems (as shown) install easily using clips and brackets that support shelves and other components.
Wire systems let you see everything easily and keep clothes fresh by allowing air to circulate around them.
Clips in a fixed wire system don’t allow for much flexibility.
Adjustable wire systems are 15 to 20 percent more expensive than fixed wire.
Adjustable wire systems require more hardware and are slightly more difficult to install.
What to look for
Labels don’t tell you much about quality, so try to physically compare components at a store.
Choose wire systems where moisture is an issue, such as in an entry closet where you’ll be storing wet clothes or boots.
Combine components and accessories from different systems to create a custom closet (think about all those scarves or ties you’ve got stuffed into a drawer).
Choose wire shelves that have continuous hanging rods. They allow hangers to slide uninterrupted along the entire rod.
Adjustable wire uses horizontal tracks, vertical standards and movable brackets that allow for flexibility.
A vinyl-coated wire is thick and rubbery. An epoxy-coated wire is thinner and harder. Vinyl custom closet cost is a little more, but it resists rust and corrosion and covers welds better than epoxy.
Hang pants above shirts
It may feel topsy-turvy, but hanging folded pants above shirts and coats makes everything easier to see.
Use shoe shelves, not cubbies
It’s hard to fit a pair of shoes into narrow cubbies (especially men’s shoes). Open shelf organizers allow air to circulate and also make better use of the available floor space below the long hanging section of clothes.
Browse closet accessories online
Home centers will have a limited choice of accessories. Go online for a wider selection such as valet rods, pullout hampers and jewelry inserts.
Get easy access to hidden spaces
If your closet has a deep return wall (more than 24 in.), you can take advantage of that hard-to-use space by installing a hanging rod so that it runs the depth of the closet.
Decide what you really need in your closet Before you buy storage components, remove everything from your closet and decide what you actually need to store in it, what you can store elsewhere (seasonal clothes) and what you can donate to charity. This will help you decide how much shelf, rod and drawer space you’ll need.
Get free design help online Use manufacturer Web sites to get free help designing and buying ready-made components. Plug in your closet measurements and storage requirements and get storage design plans broken down into individual parts lists, which you can take along to the store or use to buy items online.
Choose the best tower size Tower components and panel sections are available in standard lengths and widths. Tower components are either 16 or 25 in. wide and 12 to 18 in. deep. If you want more closet rod hanging space, choose the narrower tower. But it makes sense to get the deepest tower possible. Empty space in front is just wasted.
Keep rods at the right height and length Divide your clothes into short, medium and long and use these measurements for hanging sections:
Double-hang (when possible) at 42 and 84 in.
Long-hang at 70 in.
Medium-hang at 60 in.
Long-hang pants at 54 in.
Hanging rods longer than 36 in. might bow from too much weight. Add another support bracket or tower unit for longer rods.
Keep folded clothes looking good Wire custom closet shelving can leave lines in sweaters and delicate fabrics. Use plastic shelf liners to prevent this.
Reposition the tower for sliding doors If your closet doors overlap in the center, set the tower to one side or put a tower on each side of the closet with hanging space in between.
Save money with doors (instead of drawers) Slide-out drawers are expensive. If you can’t afford them now, install adjustable or slide-out shelves and add the built in closet drawers later. If you want to conceal items, adding doors (as we did) is less expensive than buying a block of drawers, and lets you instantly see the contents of a shelf.
Use accessories strategically Choose accessories to complement your lifestyle. Don’t buy a jewelry insert for your drawer if you like to store your earrings on a shelf. If you often hunt for a certain belt or tie, then a hanging belt and tie organizer is a smart buy.
Add flexibility with panels
Attach an extra tower panel to the closet side walls and cut your shelving 1/2 in. shorter to attach to the panel. The predrilled holes in the panels will allow you to easily move or add shelves and accessories to customize the closet now and in the future.
Buy your own drywall anchors
Instead of using the toggle bolts or drywall anchors included with most kits, buy your own screw-type drywall anchors to attach shelf brackets and posts. That will give you the strongest hold.
Putty fixes chips and scratches
If the Melamine coating gets chipped or scratched, dab on spackle (for white Melamine) or a matching wood putty for nearly invisible repairs. This will also fill a ‘whoops’ drill hole in a shelf or cabinet.
Use adjustable systems for flexibility
Their movable shelf brackets make adjustable wall-mounted systems a good choice for storage areas that require frequent reorganization, such as kids’ closets, pantries and the garage.
Notch the base for a custom fit
To achieve a ‘built-in’ look with laminate, notch the bottom of the base tower panel sections so the tower hugs the closet wall. This will also stabilize the entire system.
Get clean cuts in laminate You can often have laminate shelves cut at the home center where you bought them. If you prefer to cut the shelves yourself, use a sharp 140-tooth plywood circular saw blade for the cleanest cuts.
Remove closet doors Before installing new storage components, remove the closet doors, if you can, to avoid scratching them and to have the widest possible area to work in.
Read the instructions before you start Once you buy your storage components, compare the parts list with what is included in the box. If something is missing, you can get it before you begin the installation instead of having to stop in the middle.
Work with a partner If you need to build a section on the floor, a partner can help you lift and steady the unit while you attach it to the wall.
Cut shorter shelves To avoid marring closet sidewalls, cut full-length shelves at least 1/2 in. shorter than the length of the closet.
Use a bolt cutter rather than a hacksaw The manufacturer’s instructions suggest using a hacksaw to cut wire shelving. A hacksaw will work, but a bolt cutter will make for smoother, easier cuts.
Use a pipe cutter to cut hanging rods Manufacturers also typically suggest using a hacksaw to cut closet poles. A pipe cutter is a better, faster way to make the cut.
Wall-mount the tower if you have thick carpets Floor-mounted towers work well on hardwood floors and low-pile carpets. If you have uneven closet floors or deep-pile carpets, choose adjustable wall-mounted towers that are supported by standards suspended from a wall-anchored horizontal track. The track and standards are sold separately from the individual tower components.
Install the tower, then the shelves After you install the tower unit, cut the shelves to complete the system. Tilt the top shelf in from below. A snug-fitting shelf is hard to install from the top.
What You Get From a Pro (Besides a Large Bill)
If you had a closet professional install the laminate storage system, you would get:
A closet system completely customized to your specificspace and storage needs. An installer can present options that you might not think about and also has access to customized components. In addition, installers have access to a greater variety of materials and sizes than those that are available at home centers or online. Consider using a professional installer if you have an unusual closet configuration, obstacles to work around or unique storage requirements.
Higher-quality laminate coating. Coating thickness is less important in closets, but it can be significant in garage and pantry storage, where the stored items are heavier and can easily damage thinner laminate coatings.
A better warranty. Most ready-made systems have a one-year limited warranty. Our closet consultant guarantees his installation and materials as long as the client owns the home.
Access to discontinued or specialized products. Home centers limit their product line and change their in-stock items frequently, so it can be hard to find items they no longer carry. Installers can more easily find discontinued products and colors and have access to a wider range of specialized accessories.
Required Tools for this DIY Closet System Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
You may also need a bolt cutter for making clean cuts in wire shelving.
Required Materials for this DIY Closet System Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.