How to Prepare for House Painting
Updated: Mar. 09, 2023
Repairing and preparing wood for longer-lasting paint.
We'll show you how to prepare your house for painting and make your paint job last longer. Careful prep work on these trouble spots will double the life of your paint.
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A full day
Wood close to the ground
House Painting Photo 1: Remove loose paint
Scrape away all the paint within 16 in. of the concrete. Scrapers with replaceable carbide blades work best. Also dig any old caulk out of joints.
House Painting Photo 2: Use sandpaper for better adhesion
Sand remaining paint off curves or in corners where scrapers don’t reach. Coarse sandpaper, 60 or 80 grit, removes paint quickly and leaves a rough surface for better primer adhesion.
House Painting Photo 3: Create a gap between trim and concrete
Undercut the trim to create a gap between the wood and concrete. Use a scrap of 1/4-in. plywood for a saw guide.
House Painting Photo 4: Seal the wood
Brush the bare wood with paintable water repellent. Keep repellent off existing paint. Wipe off any repellent that doesn’t soak in.
House Painting Photo 5: Soak the underside of the trim
Slip a folded paper towel underneath the trim, soak the towel with repellent and then squish the towel up with a putty knife to soak the underside. Let dry.
House Painting Photo 6: Mask the concrete and prime the trim
Coat the underside of the trim with primer using a bent putty knife. When the primer is dry, fill joints and nail craters with acrylic caulk.
House Painting Photo 7: Paint the trim
Protect the trim with two coats of quality latex paint. Apply paint to the underside of the trim the same way you applied the primer.
If the lower ends of your garage door trim just won’t hold paint, here’s why: Concrete soaks up water, then releases moisture slowly. So any wood next to ground level concrete stays damp, and that constant dampness breaks the wood/paint bond. The same goes for any wood that touches a deck, patio or other surface where water sits.
To correct the problem, create a gap between wood and horizontal surfaces. Then apply paintable water repellent to the bottom 16 in. of the wood. Properly applied repellents add several years to a paint job in areas highly vulnerable to moisture.
Begin by scraping away all the paint in the peeling area. Two or three coats of paint can usually be removed with a combination of paint scrapers and sandpaper (Photos 1 and 2). For heavier buildup, use a heat gun to soften the paint as you scrape. Be careful with a heat gun—it can melt nearby vinyl and weather-stripping.
As you scrape, you may find that the wood has turned gray or black in some areas. Check for rot by probing these areas with a nail. Spots that are discolored but firm are simply weathered. Weathered wood doesn’t hold paint very well, so sand away the gray surface. If you find soft areas, you’ve got rot. Small, shallow soft spots can be dug out and repaired with a two-part, exterior filler such as Minwax High Performance Wood Filler. But when rot is deep and widespread, it’s best to replace the entire piece of wood.
Next, undercut the trim to create a gap (Photo 3). When you’re done, scrape any dirt or gunk out of the gap with a putty knife and blow out the dust using a vacuum or air compressor. To avoid staining the concrete, run at least three layers of masking tape under the wood. Apply repellent to all bare wood (Photo 4) including the underside (Photo 5). Bend a putty knife in a vise to make a handy tool for reaching into tight areas. Remove the tape right after application.
The label on the repellent will tell you how long to wait before applying a primer. Many repellents require an oil-based primer, so be sure to read the label. Then apply two coats of paint (Photo 7).
A single coat of paint may look fine, but two coats form a more durable film that resists moisture better and lasts longer. When using paint and primer, don’t ignore the temperature and humidity ranges listed on the label—weather conditions during application really do affect paint longevity.
If your home was built before 1979, the paint might contain lead, which is extremely hazardous to children age 6 and younger. Call your local public health department for information on how to check for lead and handle lead paint safely. For a free booklet on dealing with lead paint, contact the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at www.epa.gov/lead.
A board that won’t hold paint
House Painting Photo 1: remove the bad piece of siding
Dig nails out of bad boards by driving a cat’s paw under the nailhead and pulling. Then nudge the board above outward with a pry bar.
House Painting: Wood grain close-up
A board with tight, straight grain holds paint well. Wide bands of darker ‘latewood’ lead to peeling. Regardless of grain, look out for ‘mill glaze,’ a wood surface that looks glossy and paint won’t stick to.
House Painting Photo 2: Cut the nails above
Pull the nails in the board above carefully. Slide a hacksaw blade under the siding and cut any stubborn nails. Remove the bad board.
House Painting Photo 3: Remove the cut nail
Bend the remaining shank of cut nails down with side cutters or needle-nose pliers. Then grab it with nippers or locking pliers and pull it.
House Painting Photo 4: Prime edges first
Prime the ends and backside of the new board before you install it. Also prime the exposed ends of adjoining siding.
House Painting Photo 5: Seal and fill the nail heads
Seal nailheads and craters with primer. Then fill the craters with caulk. You can apply acrylic paint right over acrylic latex caulk-no primer needed.
Sometimes a piece of wood siding or trim peels while neighboring boards don’t, even though they all get the same sun and moisture exposure (Photo 1). In a case like this, the board itself is usually the problem. Some boards won’t hold paint because of “mill glaze,” a glossy or waxy surface left when the board was planed at the mill. Don’t forget to check out our tips for painting wood siding.
Cure this problem by sanding glazed areas. Grain pattern can cause a more common and difficult problem. Dark bands of grain (called “latewood”) are less porous and stable than the lighter bands of wood, so paint doesn’t stick to them very well.
This isn’t a problem when those dark bands are narrow and uniform. But when they’re wide, paint soon loses its grip. In fact, you can sometimes see a board’s grain pattern right through the paint as cracks and peeling develop along the latewood grain lines (Photo 1).
If you have a few bad boards on your house, you can delay peeling by sanding thoroughly with 60-grit paper before priming. That roughens the dark bands so they hold paint better. But the only long-term cure for a bad board is replacement.
Before you get started, measure the width and thickness of your siding. Keep in mind that about an inch of the board’s face is covered by the board above. Buy matching siding at a lumberyard; most home centers don’t carry it.
To remove a bad piece of siding, you have to pull out two rows of nails: the ones in the bad board itself, and those in the board directly above. Siding is thin and splits easily, so the tricky part of this job is pulling nails without damaging surrounding boards. A cat’s paw is the best tool for digging out nails if damage to the surrounding wood doesn’t matter (Photo 1).
To get at the nails in the board above, shove a flat pry bar up under it and gently pry the board outward. In most cases, this will pop up the nailhead, so you can pull it with your hammer claw. If you run into a stubborn nail that won’t move easily, don’t use brute force and risk splitting the good board. Instead, slip a hacksaw blade behind the siding and cut the nail (Photo 2).You can’t get the new board in unless you pull the remaining shank of the cut nail (Photo 3).
Before you install the new board, lightly sand it with 80-grit paper. If you come across shiny, glazed areas, sand them thoroughly. Then prime the backside and the ends (Photo 4).
Also prime the ends of adjoining boards. This step pays off by slowing the moisture penetration that can lead to peeling at the joints. If the new siding is redwood or cedar, buy a special “stainblocking” primer. Both of these woods contain natural chemicals (tannins) that can bleed through paint, causing brownish stains. A stain-blocking primer will seal in the tannins.
Nail the new board into place with 8d galvanized nails. Use a nail set to countersink the nailheads slightly below the wood’s surface. Countersinking nails helps to keep the heads from protruding as the wood shrinks and swells.
After you prime the sunken nailheads (Photo 5), keep an eye on them for a few minutes; primer may drip out of the craters and leave runs on your siding. When the primer is dry, fill the craters with caulk. Also caulk the ends of the board, where it meets trim or the next piece of siding. Finish the job with two coats of acrylic paint.
Siding close to the roof
Photo 1: Remove loose paint
Scrape and sand to remove all paint from the area that’s peeled. Keep a nail set handy so you can reset any protruding nails.
Photo 2: Remove bad pieces of siding
Tear off any cracked or rotted siding, using a cat’s paw and pry bar. Cut nails above bad boards using the technique shown in Photo 2.
Photo 3: Crosscut a section of siding
Pry up cracked and rotted ends with shims and cut off the bad ends with a hacksaw. Make sure to stagger cuts on adjacent boards so the joints don’t line up.
Photo 4: Cut siding back from the roof
Cut the siding back from the shingles using a 3/4-in. thick board to guide your saw. Be careful not to cut into the metal flashing.
Photo 5: Seal and prime
Seal the cut ends with water repellent followed by primer so they can’t soak up water. Treat the faces of the siding the same way. Protect the flashing and shingles with tape.
Photo 6: Apply the paint
Finish the primed siding with two coats of paint. Duck down occasionally and check the undersides of the siding-it’s easy to miss spots where the boards overlap.
Too often, builders install trim and siding right up against shingles and don’t bother to seal the ends of the boards. It looks good at first, but trim and siding—whether they’re wood or a manufactured material like hardboard—soak up moisture from the wet shingles and before long the paint peels.
The solution is to cut back the siding to leave about a 1-in. gap. This keeps the siding out of contact with the shingles and allows you to seal the ends so they won’t absorb moisture.
Keep in mind that if the intersection of your roof and siding has been covered with roof cement (a thick, tarlike compound), you may have to deal with roof leaks as well. Chances are you’ll have to replace the metal flashing and some shingles after removing the cement. We won’t show that process here.
Begin by removing all the paint in the badly peeling area (Photo 1). While scraping, you might discover cracked or rotten siding that needs replacing. There’s no need to replace an entire board if only a section near the roof is damaged. Instead, cut off the damaged section with a hacksaw (Photo 3).
Don’t install any new boards until you’ve cut back the bottom edge of the siding. Cutting back siding is slow, tedious work. A backsaw or a dovetail saw with an offset handle is the best tool for the job. The fine teeth cut slowly but neatly, and the offset handle prevents scraped knuckles (Photo 4).
Don’t cut all the way through the siding or you’ll risk dulling the saw teeth and damaging the metal flashing behind the siding. Instead, stop your cut 1/8 in. or so from the flashing and then finish up by making several passes with a sharp utility knife. But be careful—it’s possible to slice the flashing if you press too hard.
With the siding cut back, take these steps: paintable water repellent followed by primer and two coats of paint on the faces and cut ends of the siding. At each step, use a disposable foam brush to coat the ends of the siding (Photo 5).Keep paint off your flashing and shingles with duct tape—masking tape may not stick to them very well.
Required Tools for this Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
You’ll also need these tools: an offset dovetail saw, metal reciprocating saw blade and holder, and a drop cloth
Required Materials for this Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.
Originally Published: June 25, 2019