For convenience, it's tempting to leave a door hanging on its hinges when you paint. But for a smooth finish, you have to lay it flat and remove the hinges, knobs and other hardware. With the door laid flat on sawhorses, you can spread paint more quickly and not worry about drips and paint sags. And you can still paint both sides in a day if you rest the door on lag screws.
Drill one 3/16-in. hole in the bottom of the door and two at the top, then turn 4-in. by 1/4-in. lag screws 1-1/2 in. into the door. Spread the sawhorses apart just enough so that the door doesn't touch either side but rests entirely on the bolts. Paint the first side, then just rotate the door on the single bolt at the bottom of the door while holding the other two bolts.
Washing your old finish is probably the most important step you can take to ensure good paint adhesion. Even the best paint won’t stick well to oil and dirt, and there's lots of both on doors, especially near the knob, where dirty hands have pushed and pulled for years. Before filling holes or priming, scrub the entire door with heavy-duty household cleaner. Let the door dry completely, then fill any holes.
Decades of paint buildup can make a door rub against the jamb or door stop molding. The fastest way to remove paint buildup is with a sharp stainless steel or carbide scraper.
After scraping, sand the door to smooth the scraped edges. Use power sanders sparingly—high-speed sanding can melt paint, making it even more difficult to smooth out.
Use sandpaper rather than a scraper on metal doors. Chemically strip fiberglass doors if they have flaking paint—you'll quickly ruin a fiberglass door (smooth or wood grain) if you scrape or sand it.
If your home was built before 1979, check the paint for lead before you scrape or sand. For more information, go to www.hud.gov/offices/lead.
You might assume that new paint will hide tiny dents and scratches, but it won't. In fact, the new coat of paint highlights minor flaws. Fill dents less than 1/8 in. deep with spackling compound. For deeper holes, use a two-part filler or an epoxy wood filler. It's more of a hassle to use and you usually end up throwing away a lot of partially hardened filler (mix small batches), but the patch will be hard enough to take a lot of abuse without falling out.
Unless the old paint is in perfect condition, you should prime before painting. Primer blocks stains, mutes dark colors and helps new paint stick better. It also seals porous fillers so the topcoat looks smooth and even. Avoid spot priming—it will make the topcoat of paint look blotchy. If you're covering a color or painting on a new color (anything other than white), use a gray-tinted primer instead of a white primer.
Minor flaws in your patching job are hard to see on an old painted surface, but they'll show up much better after a fresh coat of primer. After the primer dries, check the door again with a strong light. Cover any flaws with more spackling compound, then sand and reprime these areas with the same roller or brush, feathering the edges so the additional primer blends in.
No matter how careful you are, you can usually find ridges or bubbles or a few bits of dust and lint in a fresh coat of paint or primer. For the smoothest possible topcoat, hand-sand the entire door after the primer and between coats of paint. It may seem like a lot of work, but it shouldn't take more than five minutes when the door is flat on the sawhorses. Sand with non-clogging 180- or 220-grit sandpaper or sanding sponges (look for “non-clogging” or “stearated” on the label). Sand just enough to make the surface feel smooth. After sanding, vacuum and wipe down the door with a damp cloth to remove all the dust.
The best way to avoid brush marks is to avoid using brushes. High-density foam mini rollers spread paint smoothly and evenly, without brush marks and without the bumpy surface that standard-nap rollers leave. They also have rounded ends that almost eliminate lap marks and let you paint into corners without leaving scrapes or ridges.
Edge in around windows and panels with a brush first, then coat the rest of the door with the foam roller. Use the rollers for both primer and paint. They spread a thinner coat of paint than brushes or conventional rollers do, so you'll need at least two coats. Foam rollers are available at paint stores and home centers.
It's difficult to know how soon to put a door back up again after painting. And for home security, you'll want to get exterior doors back up as soon as possible. But even when latex paint is dry to the touch, it can still stick to the doorstop or weather stripping and then peel off when you open the door.
To be safe, wait at least two days before closing an interior door. This is especially true during humid conditions, when it takes longer for paint to cure properly. With an exterior door, either remove the weather stripping or cover it with painter's tape so the paint won't stick.