# How to Estimate a Concrete Order

Calculate how many cubic yards of concrete you need for a walk, driveway or basement.

We'll take the mystery out of ordering concrete from a ready-mix company and explain everything you need to know to order it yourself. We tell you how to determine the amount and the strength of the concrete for your shed, garage, sidewalk, patio or driveway.

By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine

One day

Simple

Varies

## Ordering concrete

This article explains how to order concrete. We'll use a 10 x 10 ft. slab as an example. Here's a brief rundown of what you need to know.

Amount. Calculate the volume you need in cubic yards. Multiply the length (10 ft.) by the width (10 ft.) by the depth (.35 ft., or 4 in.) and divide it by 27 (the number of cubic feet in a cubic yard). You get 1.3 cu. yds. Then add 10 percent to allow for spillage and slab depth variations.

Strength. Call a local ready-mix company, tell the supplier what the concrete is for, and ask about the best mix (proportions of cement, gravel and sand). For a shed, the supplier will probably suggest a mix with a capacity of about 4,000 psi (pounds per square inch). If you live in a region with freeze/thaw cycles in winter, ask for 5 percent air entrainment to help the concrete withstand freeze/thaw damage.

Cost. Use \$90 per cubic yard as a ballpark figure, but this will vary by region. Also, expect a fee of about \$60 per load for delivery. There could be other fees for such things as Saturday delivery and small loads. Ask about these fees so you know the total bill before the truck arrives.

Unload time. Ask about the normal unload time (usually 7 to 10 minutes per yard) and if there is a fee for overtime. If the truck can't reach the site, make sure you have two or three people with wheelbarrows ready to go.

#### Required Tools for this Project

Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.

• Tape measure

You'll need a calculator to help you figure the amount of concrete you need, then you'll need a spade, maybe a wheelbarrow, and finishing tools when pouring the slab.