Project overview and design
The wall space in your garage is way too valuable just to hang rakes, bikes and garden hoses at random on nails, hooks or shelves. To make every square inch of that wall space work for you, we designed this wall storage system.
Our system is made entirely from plywood and standard hardware. It's easy to build and easy to customize to suit your needs. You can install it to fill any size wall or cover only part of a wall. You can hang shelves, bins or hooks and arrange them to make efficient use of wall space. With special store-bought hangers, you can hang hard-to-hold items like bikes or wheelbarrows. Best of all, everything hangs from sturdy rails, so you can rearrange the wall in minutes without any tools. Some store-bought systems provide the same versatility, but they can cost two or even three times as much as this homemade system.
The only power tools you'll need are a circular saw and a drill. Other tools—a table saw, router, miter saw and brad nailer—will save you time, but they aren't necessary. All the materials you'll need are available at home centers. If you don't expect to hang anything from the lower half of the wall, you can cut time and expenses by covering only the upper half. If you completely cover a large wall as we did, expect to spend a weekend building the system and another finishing it and assembling shelves and hooks.
Figure A: Wall System Parts
The design includes 1/4-in. plywood backer and a plywood rail mounted to the wall. Various hanger assemblies then hook over the rail.
Note: You can download Figure A and enlarge it in the Addendum below.
Step 1: Cover the wall with plywood
Photo 1: Nail plywood to the studs
Cover the wall with 1/4-in. plywood. Spread construction adhesive on each sheet, then nail them to studs. Mark stud locations with masking tape.
Photo 2: Frame the wall perimeter
Frame the wall with 1-1/2-in.-wide strips of 3/4-in. plywood. At corners, nail the strips flat against adjoining walls. Then run strips across the top and bottom.
Photo 2A: Close-up of framework
Vertical edges lie flat against adjacent walls.
You could nail and glue the rails directly to bare studs or drywall, but we chose to cover our wall with 1/4-in. plywood, for three reasons: First, the birch plywood matches the rails and gives the whole system a rich, finished appearance. Second, plywood won't scratch, gouge or dent as easily as drywall, and third, you can quickly clean it with a damp cloth.
The sheets of plywood should meet at studs, so start by locating studs with a stud finder. Chances are, you'll have to cut the first sheet lengthwise so the edge aligns with a stud's center. Then you can use full sheets until you reach the end of the wall and cut the final sheet to fit. Your cuts don't have to be perfect and the sheets don't have to fit tightly into corners because you'll cover the edges with trim later (see Photo 2).
If you're installing the plywood over drywall as we did, run a bead of construction adhesive around the edges of each sheet and cover the middle with a zigzag pattern (Photo 1). Use at least half a tube of adhesive per sheet. If you're fastening plywood to bare studs, apply a heavy bead of adhesive to each stud. Nail the sheet to studs with 1-5/8-in. paneling nails to secure the plywood until the adhesive dries.
Frame the plywood-covered wall with strips of 3/4-in. plywood (Photo 2). Make the strips using the same techniques used to make the rails (see Photos 3 and 4). Rip 3/4-in. plywood into 1-1/2-in.-wide strips, chamfer one edge with a router and nail them into place with 16d finish nails.
Step 2: Combine thick and thin plywood to make rails
Photo 3: Cut the rails
Position your ripping guide using a spacer block and clamp it into place. Then cut the 3-1/2-in.-wide plywood rails. Cut two sheets at once to speed up the job.
Photo 3A: Use a spacer block
Use a spacer block to set the saw guide. It's faster than measuring every time.
Photo 4: Chamfer 3 edges
Cut three 45-degree chamfers 1/8 in. deep on each rail using a router and chamfer bit.
Photo 4A: Close-up of chamfer bit
The chamfer bit will leave a smooth, clean beveled edge.
Photo 5: Add the plywood spacer
Glue 2-1/2-in.-wide strips of 1/4- in. plywood to the back of each rail, even with the non-chamfered edge. Tack the strip into place with a pair of 3/4-in. brads every 12 in.
Begin rail construction by cutting strips of 1/4-in. and 3/4-in. plywood. If you don't have a table saw, make a simple ripping guide to ensure straight cuts. Cut a 3-5/8 in. spacer block to position the ripping guide (Photo 3). Tip: If you make the guide from 1/2-in.plywood, you can rip two sheets of 3/4-in.plywood at once. Cut a 2-5/8 in. block to position the guide when cutting the 1/4-in.plywood strips. You'll get 13 rails from a sheet of 3/4-in. plywood; 18 strips from a sheet of 1/4-in. plywood. We made twenty-three 8-ft. long rails for our 8 x 20-ft.wall.
The chamfers on the rails are optional (Photo 4).The two on the face of the rail are purely decorative. The one on the back lets the aluminum cleats slip over the rail more easily. Instead of chamfering the edge, you can simply round it slightly with sandpaper. For appearance, we also chamfered our shelves and hook mounting plates.
Fasten 1/4-in. strips to each rail (Photo 5).To save time, finish the rails before you install them. We used water-based polyurethane. But don't coat the back side; construction adhesive will grip bare wood better than sealed wood.
Figure B: Plywood Rail Details
Assemble the rails from 3/4-in. and 1/4-in. strips of plywood.
Note: You can download Figure B and print it, see the Additional Information section below.
Step 3: Nail the rails to the wall
Photo 6: Space and nail
Spread two beads of adhesive on each rail and nail them to studs with 16d finish nails. Start at the bottom and work up.
Attach rails with two beads of construction adhesive and a 16d finish nail driven at each stud (Photo 6). Cut rails so that the ends meet at stud centers. For better appearance and strength, avoid putting rail joints at plywood seams.
Use a level to make sure the lowest course of rails is straight and level. Then use a pair of spacer blocks to position the rest of the rails. You can space the rails however you like. The closer you position them, the more flexibility you'll have when hanging shelves or hooks. We began with a 10-in. space between the bottom strip of trim and the lowest rail, then spaced the rest of the rails 6 in. apart. When all the rails are in place, finish the entire wall with a coat of polyurethane.
Step 4: Mass-produce hanger cleats from aluminum stock
Photo 7: Cut the aluminum
Cut aluminum angle and flat stock into 4-in. long sections. Round off the razor-sharp edges of each cut with a file or sandpaper.
Photo 8: Drill screw holes
Drill three 3/16-in. screw holes in angled cleats and two in flat cleats. Then drill a shallow screwhead recess with a 3/8-in. bit.
The cleats that hook onto the rails are made from 1/8-in. thick aluminum stock that's available in 2- to 8-ft. lengths. Use 3/4- in. x 3/4-in. angle for shelves and 2-in.-wide flat stock for mounting plates (see Photos 9 and 11).Cutting and drilling aluminum is fast and easy. Cut the aluminum with a metal-cutting blade (Photo 7).We cut all our cleats 4 in. long, but you can vary the length to suit your needs. Drill 3/16-in. screw holes and 3/8-in. recesses with standard drill bits (Photo 8). Wear eye protection when cutting and drilling aluminum.
Step 5: Make a dozen sturdy shelves in an hour
Photo 9: Mount the cleats
Screw cleats to the shelf about 1/4 in. from the ends. Use a straightedge to position the cleats flush and parallel with the back edge of the shelf.
Photo 10: Position shelf brackets
Position shelf brackets with a 3/4-in. plywood spacer block. Add a strip of duct tape to slightly widen the space so the cleat slips easily onto rails.
The shelves are made from aluminum angle cleats, 3/4-in. plywood and brackets that are available in a range of sizes. We made shelves 6, 12 and 15 in. deep and 24 in. long. You could make yours longer than that, but remember that long shelves are less versatile than short ones. To keep shelves from sagging, place brackets no more than 30 in. apart. We chamfered three sides of each shelf with a router and coated them with water-based polyurethane before adding cleats and brackets (Photos 9 and 10).
Finished Shelf Unit
Make shelves any length with this system.
Step 6: Plywood mounting plates let you hang just about anything
Photo 11: Assemble mounting plates
Glue a hanger strip to the mounting plate. Then add a strip of duct tape and screw on the cleat 1/4 in. from the top edge.
Photo 12: Add hooks
Predrill and screw hooks near the top of the plate where they can penetrate two layers of plywood.
Mounting plates are just pieces of plywood that hold hooks, bins, drawers or anything else that you'd want to mount on a wall. Cut 4-1/2 x 4-1/2-in.plates for small hooks. Glue and nail a 1-1/2-in.-wide plywood hanger strip across the back of each plate. Coat the plates with polyurethane. When the finish is dry, position the aluminum cleats about 1/4 in. from the upper edge of the hanger strip and fasten it with 1-1/4-in. drywall screws (Photo 11). Finally, screw hooks to the plates (Photo 12).We also made larger mounting plates for bins, drawer units and a bicycle holder.
Finished Plate Units
Use small mounting plates to hold various types of hooks. Use large mounting plates to support drawers and bins.
Step 7: Hang the plates and shelves
Photo 13: Hang the shelves
Slip the cleats over the rails and push down to anchor the shelves and mounting plates.
Don't hang plates or shelves on the rails until the polyurethane has dried for at least 24 hours. Otherwise, the fresh polyurethane can “glue” parts together. We put our deepest shelves near the ceiling where they would be out of the way. That out-of-reach space is the best place for stuff you don't use often and a good spot for child hazards like lawn chemicals.
Custom Racks, Too Few Hooks and a Missed Opportunity
Editor's note: One of the things I like most about this storage system is its adaptability. With a little ingenuity, you can make special holders for all those oddball items that don't fit conveniently on shelves or store-bought hooks (Photo 14). But before you make a custom holder, visit a home center. I spent a couple of hours building a bike rack only to find a better one at a hardware store for $7.
I also wasted time on the storage system project because I made too few mounting plates for hooks. Assembling five or six extras would have taken just a few minutes. Instead, I had to drag out my tools and run through the whole process a second time.
But here's my biggest mistake: Like most garages, this one has too few electrical outlets. I could have hacked holes in the drywall to easily run new electrical lines. No need to patch up the wall, since it was about to be covered with plywood anyway. Unfortunately, this occurred to me just as I nailed the last rail into place. I'll know better next time.
Required Tools for this Project
Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.
- Caulk gun
- Circular saw
- Drill bit set
- Drill/driver - cordless
- Safety glasses
Required Materials for this Project
Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here’s a list.
- Aluminum angle, ¾-in.
- Aluminum flat stock, 2-in.
- Construction adhesive
- Plywood, ¾-in. and ½-in.
- wood glue