9 Best Winter Camping Tips for First Timers
Winter camping can be a challenge, even for experienced campers. Knowing these tips can make a positive impact on your experience.
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Winter camping doesn’t need to be difficult or uncomfortable. With the right knowledge and equipment, it might even become your favorite type of camping. You can experience beautiful snowy landscapes while avoiding typical camping annoyances like a lot of bugs and humidity.
However, even the most seasoned camper should take certain precautions and be open to learning how to better deal with everything that comes with winter camping. Here are nine tips to make your winter camping experience a pleasurable one.
Choose a Location Wisely
Your campsite location will play a big role in how comfortable you are during the night. Find a campsite on flat ground to make it easier to sleep. Avoid areas with high winds that can blow away your tent or blow snow into it.
One trick I learned my first time winter camping was to look at the snow around the area. If it’s rough and appears it was just blown in, you might want to consider a different location for your tent. You should also avoid camping in an avalanche zone, which is usually on or right by slopes.
Use Fresh and Dry Clothes to Sleep
“Make absolutely sure that when heading to sleep in your sleeping bag, you are wearing fresh, dry clothes. Don’t make the mistake of wearing anything that you wore throughout the day,” says Jeff Carter from Rockbrook Camp, who leads camping trips with kids and college students. “This is critical because any lingering moisture from sweating during the day will end up evaporating and making you cold.”
Carter also notes that it’s important that you change everything, including your underwear and socks.
Use a Sleeping Pad
“Sleep on a closed-cell foam pad with an insulated inflatable pad on top,” says Brittany Haas from Alpenventures Unguided, who plans self-guided adventures into the Alps. “Sleeping only on an inflatable pad can be dangerous since if it gets punctured and deflates it will not be able to insulate from the cold.”
Haas suggests the Therma-Rest Z-Lite as one of the top closed-cell foam sleeping pads. It’s light and compact, making it convenient to transport. This pad can also provide a good foot massage when you rub your feet on it at the end of a long day!
Bring a Pee Bottle
One thing no one tells you about winter camping is the inconvenience of your human needs. If you’re camping in a place where it’s particularly cold, leaving your tent every time you need to pee isn’t an option. If there are no bushes or trees near your campsite, or it’s just freezing cold outside, you should absolutely bring a pee bottle. Women should consider buying a pee funnel to make the process easier.
I didn’t bring a pee bottle on my first winter camping trip and quickly regretted it. While it’s easy to tell yourself you won’t need one, you don’t realize how difficult it is to go to sleep with a full bladder. And a portable bidet can eliminate the need to pack toilet paper.
Wear Multiple Layers and Protect Your Feet
“When camping in the winter, you should always be wearing a base layer, mid-layer and an outer layer which should be completely waterproof to protect your body from the cold,” says Sonny Cartright, a seasoned camper who runs Wonderful Wellies. “Don’t neglect your feet either. Wear two pairs of thick socks and waterproof hiking boots that are made for cold weather.”
Cartwright notes you should avoid cotton because it absorbs moisture like a sponge. Instead, consider wool, which is water-resistant and ideal for a range of weather conditions. Plus, wool is also a naturally insulating material, which ensures that you stay warm while you’re out on the trail or inside sleeping.
Use Snow for Water
If you’re ever in a position where you are running low on water or simply want to save what you have, melt the snow around you and use it as a water source.
“If you are melting snow for water, bring a big pot, and be prepared to be doing this almost constantly while in camp and bring a lot of fuel,” Haas says. “It may be shocking how little water you get out of a pot full of snow.”
If you’re boiling snow water to purify it, let it boil for at least 10 minutes in addition to the time it took to melt it.
Use a Liquid-Fuel Stove
Certain fuel sources work better in the winter than others. You don’t want your stove to fail, so buy one that’s suited for winter use.
Haas notes that white gas, which is used by liquid-fuel stoves, is the fuel of choice for winter conditions. Propane and butane can be problematic because they lose pressure in cold temperatures. “In order for a canister of gas to work, the pressure inside needs to be more than the pressure outside,” she says. “Often that isn’t the case in winter.”
You’ll need plenty of good camping food to fuel your hikes,
Choose the Right Tent
While it might be tempting to use a tent you already own, it’s worth the cost to buy a tent specifically for winter, or buy an all seasons tent. One good option is the Geertop camping tent that can fit two people. It’s built to withstand sharp winds and harsh winter snowfalls.
Don’t forget that when setting up your tent, position the opening on the opposite side from where the wind blows. Many beginners make this mistake and quickly regret it at night when they’re trying to sleep and the wind keeps crashing in.
If you’re camping in an area where the winter temperature is above freezing, ticks can still be a problem and can work themselves into your tent. Ranger Ready Insect Repellent is a good way to protect yourself against them.
Eat Lots of Calories
Eating properly and staying hydrated can help your body stay warm by burning calories and helping it generate body heat. You will want to eat portable foods that provide a lot of energy, like salami, candy bars, cheese and nuts. Avoid eggs, which are prone to freezing, as well as vegetables. Be sure to stay hydrated but avoid drinking too much right before you go to sleep.