How to Prepare Your Garden for Winter in Two Days
For a healthy spring landscape, spend a fall weekend winterizing your yard.
Before you put your feet up and settle in for the garden off-season, dedicate a few days to preparing your lawn and garden for fall and winter. Follow these simple steps to tidy up and prep your yard for a long winter nap in just one weekend.
Day One (Morning): Trim the Plants and Tidy the Garden
Divide your overgrown perennials and cut back the dead foliage on others. Remove any spent annuals and vegetables from the garden, roots and all, and add any disease-free debris to your compost pile. As you yank out plants and weeds, be mindful of pests and diseases. Double-bag and discard diseased plants or foliage.
“Some diseases and pests overwinter in plant debris,” says horticulture expert Melinda Myers. “Remove them in fall to prevent infection next year.”
But not everything in your landscape needs to go. “Leave healthy perennials, such as purple coneflowers, black-eyed Susans, sunflowers and grasses,” Myers says. “They provide habitat for beneficial insects, food for birds and interest for the winter landscape.”
Day One (Afternoon): Protect Your Garden and Plan for Winter
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Some plants and containers struggle in severe winter temperatures. Bring pots and non-hardy plants indoors or at least out of the elements. If you’re worried about the survival of plants or pots that must stay outdoors, wrap them in blankets or burlap. As an added measure, surround them with wood chips or bags of potting mix to keep the roots snug and safe from the elements.
Cover the plant’s roots, too. “To avoid frost heaving — when the freezing and thawing of the soil shifts and pushes shallow-rooted perennials and bulbs out of the ground — apply evergreen boughs or weed-free straw around your perennial and bulb plantings after the ground freezes,” Myers says. “This keeps the soil consistently cold even during a winter thaw.”
It’s also a good idea to nourish perennials and annuals by incorporating compost and shredded leaves. Newly-planted trees and shrubs are especially vulnerable in the winter and need a little extra attention.
“Protect your garden from hungry animals by placing a cylinder of hardware cloth around (not touching) the trunk of young trees and shrubs,” Myers says. “Sink it several inches into the soil to deter voles, and make sure it is at least four feet tall in order to keep rabbits away.”
Day Two: Plant for Spring and Maintain Your Landscape
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Once your landscape is cleaned up, get a jump-start on next year’s garden and plant what you can now. Fall is a great time to plant trees, shrubs, perennials and spring-blooming bulbs. Simply make sure you get them in the ground before the soil gets too cold so roots have time to become established.
Also use this time to clean and sharpen garden tools, disinfect pots and make necessary repairs around the landscape. It will make your spring prep a breeze! With a yard that’s been perfectly prepped for the winter season, you can rest easy and cozy up for the cold months, dreaming about next year’s garden.
3 Extra Ways to Prep Your Garden for Winter
- Divide and transplant some perennials. Hostas, peonies and early bloomers such as coral bells, phlox, poppies and daisies benefit from being thinned out.
- If you’re an avid vegetable gardener or you think your soil will benefit from a dose of organic matter, sow a cover crop to protect and enrich the soil.
- Drain your garden hose and bring it in for winter. Wipe it with a rag to remove any mud and moisture, then store it flat in a dry, dark place.