Contact Your Utility Company
Utility companies in most states are very good about offering appliance recycling services on their own or through government programs. This is a great option for what to do with old appliances because you can often get a refund, waiver or even cash for doing this. The catch is that utility companies typically only accept refrigerators and freezers. However, some will agree to pickup heating or cooling units, if you leave them out at the same time.
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Take It to a Disposal Center
If you have a truck or other vehicle that can handle the appliance, then you can take it to a disposal center yourself. Just make sure to call them ahead of time and ask if they accept your particular appliance. And appliances with hazardous materials often cannot be buried in landfills. So you may need an alternative for these. Small appliances can sometimes be put in metal recycling bins.
City Trash Collector
If you have a city trash service, look up the website to see what services they provide and how to get rid of an old refrigerator or other old appliances this way. Some will pick up any appliances that you leave at the curb, although they may charge you an extra fee on your monthly bill. Other cities have specific bulky trash days where they invite you to cart out your appliances for free pickup. This is also a great option for what to do with old appliances. Find out the things your garbage collector would like to you to know to make life easier for them.