How to Choose Twist Drill Bits

Drill bits go head to head to see which is really best

Confused about drill bits? So were we. So we tested high speed steel, black oxide, cobalt and titanium bits in wood and metal, and here's what we found out.

By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine

Drill bit test results

I headed into my highly sophisticated drill analysis laboratory (my garage) and scientifically tested four types of 3/8-in. twist bits: a $2.75 high-speed steel bit, a $6 “black oxide” bit, a $7 cobalt bit and a $9.50 titanium bit. Using each bit in a drill press, I drilled 75 holes in pine, 40 holes in oak, 20 holes in aluminum tubing, 20 holes in medium-density fiberboard and five holes in 3/16-in. mild steel.

All of them finished the test without dulling appreciably. The high-speed steel bit was a little choppy on the last 20 holes in the pine, and all the bits except the titanium one tended to wander and bore oversized holes in the aluminum. But if you're a less-than-160-hole-drilling do-it-yourselfer, working mainly in wood, you can get by with any of them. As one carpenter put it, “In my book it doesn't really matter—I usually lose them or snap them in two before they have a chance to dull.”

To complete the test, I drilled holes in the steel with each until they dulled and became useless. The score? The high-speed steel bit was shot after 20 holes. The cobalt and black oxide bits were still boring after 25 additional holes, but with substantial effort on my part. The titanium bit just kept drilling an endless line of perfect holes—my arm gave out before the bit did.

Note: A bit's composition isn't the sole determinant in how well it bores through metal. In general, bits with “flatter” tips drill quicker, last longer and have less “walk” than those with “pointier” tips.

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Required Tools for this Project

Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.

  • Drill bit set