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New-looking cabinets in 3 steps
Clean the old cabinets thoroughly, prime with a stain-blocking primer, and then paint with a high-quality latex enamel.
You don’t need to spend thousands of dollars
on new cabinets to give your kitchen a stunning
new look. If your cabinets are in good shape, you
can give them a fresh face with paint. Everything
you need to give your drab cabinets a silky smooth
painted finish costs less than $250—including the
Professional painters typically spray-paint doors
because it produces an ultra-smooth finish. In this article,
we’ll show you how to spray-paint your doors and
drawers. There’s just a short learning curve to use the
sprayer effectively. You could also spray the cabinet
frames, sides and trim, but masking off the cabinet
openings (and the rest of the kitchen) takes a lot of
time, so just use a brush for those areas.
Despite our enthusiasm, there are downsides to a
painted finish. The paint isn’t as tough as a factory finish,
and even if you’re careful, you can still end up with
paint runs and have brush marks on your cabinet sides.
All the materials you need to paint your cabinets are
available at home centers and paint stores. Plan to
spend four or five days to complete the job—you’ll
have to let the paint dry overnight between coats, and
you can only paint one side of the doors per day.
Is painting right for you?
Not all cabinets are worth painting. They must be structurally
sound—paint obviously isn’t a cure for doors that are
falling apart or don’t close properly. If your cabinets are oak
or some other species with coarse grain and you want a
smooth finish, you’ll have to fill the grain on the door panels,
cabinet frames and cabinet sides with spackling compound.
That nearly doubles the length of this project
because sanding the compound takes a long, long time (but
if you don’t mind a coarse finish, you can skip this step).
If you like the style of your cabinets and they’re in good
shape, and you’re willing to invest the time to paint them,
this project is for you.
Wash, rinse, tape, repeat
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Photo 1: Clean all cabinets
Wash off years of kitchen grease with warm water and dish
detergent. Clean away all the grease or the primer and paint
won't adhere. Rinse clean with water.
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Photo 2: Protect adjoining surfaces
Tape off the walls, ceiling and flooring, and cover the countertops
with rosin paper. Wrap appliances and the vent hood
with plastic sheeting or masking paper.
As with any successful painting project, preparation is the
key—and the most time-consuming step. Start by removing
the cabinet doors and drawers as well as all the hardware.
Label the doors as you remove them so you’ll know where
to reinstall them. Writing a number in the hinge hole (for
Euro hinges) or where the hinge attaches works great—it’s
the only part that’s not painted.
Take the doors and drawers to the garage or another work
area and spread them out on a work surface. It’s surprising
how much space doors and drawers eat up—even if you
have a small kitchen. An extension ladder placed over sawhorses
gives you a surface to set the doors on. Wash the front
and the back of the doors and the drawer fronts to remove
grease (Photo 1). Then stick tape in the hinge holes or where
the hinges attach to keep out the paint.
Wash the grease off the cabinet frames in the kitchen, too.
Then tape off everything that abuts the cabinet frames (Photo
2). Use 1-mil plastic sheeting or brown masking paper to
cover appliances. Use rosin paper for
countertops—it’s thick enough to resist tears and won’t let small paint spills seep through.
Give cabinets a fresh start with primer
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Photo 3: Repair problem spots
Fix scratches, holes and dings with spackling compound.
Work the compound into the damaged area with a putty
knife. Fill in holes from handles and hardware if you're replacing
the hardware and need holes in different places.
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Photo 4: Prime the cabinets
Prime the doors and cabinet frames with stain-blocking
primer. The primer covers any stains and seals in cooking
odors. Prime one side of all the doors, let them dry while you
prime the cabinet face frames and sides, then come back and
prime the other side of the doors.
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Photo 5: Sand smooth
Sand the doors and cabinets with fine-grit sandpaper. Sand
with the grain. Be careful not to round over corners. Wipe the
surface clean with a tack cloth.
Some cabinets, like ours, have a catalyzed lacquer finish
that’s very hard. Primer won’t form a good bond to this surface
unless you scuff it up first. First sand any damaged
areas on the doors or cabinet frames with 320-grit sandpaper
to remove burrs or ridges, then fill the areas with spackling
compound (Photo 3).
Lightly sand the doors and cabinet frames, trim and sides
with 320-grit sandpaper. Sand just enough to take off the
shine—you don’t need to sand off the finish. Vacuum the
dust off the wood using a bristle attachment. Right before
you’re ready to apply the primer, wipe down the doors and
frames with a tack cloth. Running the
cloth over the surface is enough—you don’t need to scrub to
remove the fine dust particles.
Apply a stain-killing primer (Bulls Eye 1-2-3
and BIN are two brands) with a paintbrush (Photo 4). You can
use a cheap brush—even a disposable one—for this. Don’t
worry about brushstrokes in the primer (you’ll remove them
later with sandpaper) or getting a uniform finish. The doors and frames don’t have to look pretty at this stage. But don’t
use a roller. It leaves a texture that will affect the finish.
Besides, brushing is almost as fast as rolling, and you can
use the bristles to work the primer into crevices.
Once the primer is dry (just one or two hours), lightly
sand the doors and cabinets with 320-grit sandpaper to
remove any brushstrokes (Photo 5). Sandpaper works better
than a sanding sponge—you can feel the rough spots
through the paper, and paper doesn’t round over corners
like sponges do.
If you have doors with coarse wood grain (like oak) and
want a smooth finish, fill in the grain with spackling compound.
Use a putty knife to skim-coat the door with compound,
working it into the wood grain. Wait for it to dry, sand it
with medium-grit sandpaper, then prime it again.
Immaculate Finish in 90 Minutes
For this project, we used a Wagner Control
Spray Double Duty spray gun available through our affiliation with amazon.com. The high-volume, low-pressure
(HVLP) sprayer gives the doors a thin, even
coat of paint and makes quick work of painting.
We sprayed our 18 doors and four drawers
in less than 90 minutes per coat. The sprayer
occasionally “spits” paint, but the Floetrol that
you mix in levels out the finish. You can clean
the sprayer in about 10 minutes.
The paint experts we talked to say you can
get a nice-looking finish with non-HVLP
sprayers too. But the advantages of an HVLP
sprayer are that the low pressure produces
little overspray, so most of your paint ends up
where you want it—on the doors—and the
spray is easy to control.
Complete the transformation with paint
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Photo 6: Use a brush for frames
Start in a corner to paint the cabinet frames. Use a high-quality
paintbrush to paint an entire rail or stile, including the
inside edge, before moving to an adjacent rail or stile.
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Photo 7: Practice first
Practice spray painting on cardboard. Adjust the nozzle to get
a vertical fan pattern. Adjust the flow rate so the paint covers
the surface without running.
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Photo 8: Rotate the doors while painting
Set the doors on a turntable when spray painting. Then you
can stand in one spot and rotate the door to paint each side.
Keep the nozzle 10 to 12 in. from the door and maintain a consistent
angle while spraying.
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Photo 9: Paint edges
Paint the edge and detail work on one side, then turn the
door to paint the adjacent edges and details. Start the spray
before the door, and keep spraying past the edge. Don't worry if
you missed a spot. You can catch it on the second coat.
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Photo 10: Paint drawers
Paint the drawers with the sprayer after wrapping the
inside with plastic or paper. Paint the backs first, then the
edges and then the faces, starting at the top and working down.
Start and stop the spray past the sides of the drawer.
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Photo 11: Touch up runs
Fix paint runs with a paintbrush while the paint is still wet. If
the paint is dry or tacky, wait until the next day, then sand
out the run or imperfection and repaint.
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Photo 12: Put everything back together
Reinstall the doors and drawers in the kitchen. Attach the
hinges to the doors first, then screw them to the cabinet
Use a gloss or semigloss latex enamel paint for your cabinets.
Its hard, shiny finish resists stains and fingerprints.
To get started, pour a gallon of the paint into a bucket and
thin it with half a cup of water and half a quart of Floetrol
paint additive (available at paint dealers). The water and the Floetrol level
out the paint when it’s applied and slow the drying process,
which helps eliminate brush and lap marks. The thinner
paint also provides a more even coat when you’re spraying.
Paint the cabinets with a brush (Photo 6). Paint an entire
rail, stile or trim piece before the paint dries, then move on
to the next part of the cabinet. Paint any exposed sides of
cabinets with a brush. Most light brush marks will disappear
as the paint dries (thanks to the Floetrol).
Before spray painting, construct a makeshift booth to contain
the airborne spray. Assemble a work surface (putting
boards over sawhorses works great), then hang plastic sheeting
around the work area. Make sure to ventilate the room—
even if it’s just a fan blowing out an open window.
Fill the spray container with the paint mixed with
Floetrol and water. Wear a mask respirator when spray
painting. Test the spray pattern on cardboard, keeping the
nozzle 10 to 12 in. from the surface (Photo 7). Sweep your
entire arm back and forth across the door panel; don’t just
use your wrist. Practice spraying on the cardboard to get a
feel for the sprayer. When you’re ready to paint, set a block
of wood or a cardboard box on the work surface to elevate
the doors. Place a lazy Susan turntable (sold at discount
stores) over the box, then set the door on top of it (Photo 8).
Spray the back of the doors first. This lets you get used to
spraying before you paint the front. Start by spraying the
edges. Rotate the door on the turntable to paint each edge so
you won’t have to change your body position. Move your
arm across the entire edge of the door, starting the spray
before the paint lands on the door, and keep spraying past the end. Keep the nozzle 10 to 12 in. from the door. After
painting all four edges, start at the top of the door and spray
in a sweeping motion back and forth, moving down just
enough each time to overlap the previous pass by 50 percent
until you reach the door bottom.
Let the paint dry overnight. Then give the cabinet frames,
sides and trim a second coat. Spray a first coat on the door
fronts (Photo 9).
Cover the drawers with masking paper or plastic sheeting
so only the paintable surface is visible. Set the drawer face down on the turntable and spray the back. Then place the
drawer on its bottom and spray the front (Photo 10). Be careful
not to overspray the drawer. It’s easy to get runs in the
paint on drawer fronts. Don’t worry about areas that are
lightly covered. You’ll give everything a second coat.
If you catch paint runs while they’re still wet, gently
brush them out with a paintbrush (Photo 11).
Let the doors and drawers dry overnight, then give them a
second coat. It’s up to you if you want to give the back of the
doors two coats. We gave ours just one.
When the doors are dry, install the hardware and hang the
doors (Photo 12). If any paint seeped into the hinge holes,
scrape it out so the hinges will fit snugly.
Figure A: Painting Doors
Spray the door edges first.
Then spray any detail work.
Then spray the entire door,
starting at the top and
sweeping your arm back
and forth until you reach the
bottom. Keep the angle of
the spray gun consistent as