Laminate is a budget-friendly alternative to granite, quartz and other solid-surface countertops. And building custom countertops in place is a great way to deal with unique shapes and sizes. There are hundreds of colors to choose from, and you can order 5 x 12-ft. sheets of laminate at most home centers. With a sheet that size, you can avoid cutting difficult miters, and usually eliminate long, crumb-catching seams.
If you've never tackled custom countertops, don't be intimidated—let our expert walk you through the process. You'll need a couple of specialty tools, including a compound router with an offset base, a laminate slitter and a laminate file, but the several hundred dollars you'll save by installing your countertops yourself will be more than enough to pay for these tools. And just think of the bragging rights!
Figure A: Anatomy of a Countertop
Before you assemble the underlayment, plow a 1/4-in.-deep, 1/4-in.-wide dado into the backsplash (Figure A). The laminate slips into the groove to give you a little wiggle room when you install it. Jamey cuts his dado by making a few passes on his table saw.
If you're working with factory-built cabinets, you'll have to install “raise strips” made of 3/4-in. particleboard on top of the cabinets (Figure A) to make room for the top drawers to clear the front edge of the countertop. Install a board instead of a raise strip where the underlayment corner seam will be. Cut the underlayment so it sticks out 1 in. past the finished end of the cabinet (or make it flush if the cabinet abuts an appliance). Stagger the top, backsplash and nosepiece seams at least 1/2 in. Jamey fastens it all together with 1/4-in. crown staples that are 1-1/4 in. long and spaced about 5 in. apart—no glue required.
Cut the hole for the sink after the underlayment is installed but before you install the laminate. Most sinks require a 21-1/4-in. x 32-1/4-in. hole, but make sure you have your sink on hand so you’ll know what size hole to cut. Cut the back side of the hole with an oscillating tool, and then cut the sides and front with a jigsaw.
A laminate slitter (sold at online retailers) is almost a must for cutting thin laminate strips. It has an adjustable guide, so you can cut strips ranging in width from 1/2 in. up to 4-1/4 in. Cut any narrow strips first, before rough-cutting the large countertop pieces. All the pieces will be cut a bit long and trimmed down after they're installed. Make sure you have enough of the sheet left over to cut the large L-shaped section.
Cut the main top piece of the laminate with a circular saw. Use a board to create a space so the saw blade doesn't grind into the floor. Avoid scratches by sticking a few strips of masking tape to the underside of your saw base. The front side of the laminate will hang over the edge and be trimmed off, so your cuts don't need to be perfect.
Cut the end cap so the bottom portion and the very top are close enough to be cleaned up with a file. The rest will be trimmed with a router. Cut the end cap to size with snips, then paint a thin layer of glue on both surfaces. Let the glue dry just until it's no longer wet to the touch, then carefully line up the top and ends and tip the piece into place. Embed the end cap by lightly tapping the whole surface with a smooth, burr-free hammer, and then it's ready for the router.
When you trim the main countertop and the top of the backsplash, the guide of your router bit will be running along finished laminate, so keep the router moving. If you stop for any length of time, the bit will grind into the surface of the laminate. Jamey rubs a little petroleum jelly along the edge where the bit rides to prevent marring.
Clean all surfaces with compressed air before gluing up the top surface. Jamey covers the perimeter with a brush and then grabs a scrap piece of laminate to spread on the rest. Apply the glue on the underlayment the same way. It gets messy trying to glue the backsplash after the top is installed, so cover the backsplash with glue at the same time. And this stuff is a potent chemical, so always use an organic vapor respirator, open a window and turn on the exhaust fan.
Laminate adhesive is sometimes referred to as “contact cement” because it sets as soon as the two coated surfaces come into contact. That's not necessarily a good thing when you're trying to maneuver a large, floppy sheet into place. Cut strips of leftover laminate and use them as spacers. Because the adhesive won't stick to the strips, you'll be able to slide the sheet around. Start pulling out the spacers once the top sheet is in position. Make sure the spacers are clean so they don't leave debris behind.
Instead of using a roller to smooth out the surface, Jamey prefers a board wrapped in a towel. If a piece of debris does get in between the two surfaces, the soft rubber on a roller can indent around the lump and actually crack the laminate that surrounds it. Start on the back side and work your way out to the edges.
A router won't be able to reach the inside corner of the backsplash, so use tin snips to trim it down before you install it (make small cuts). That way you won't have as much material to remove with your file. Press the section on with a board the same way you did the top. The top cap piece is set into place with a hammer.
Once all the pieces are in place, file all the edges, including the bottom. You can buy a file especially designed for plastic laminate at suppliers or online. Always file in a downward direction, never back and forth. Clean off excess glue with lacquer thinner or whatever solvent your adhesive manufacturer recommends.