How to Dig a Hole: Pro Tips

The easiest and most accurate way to dig postholes

Overview: Dig accurately and use the proper tools

So, big shot, you think you know how to dig postholes, eh? Sure you do—anyone can dig a hole. But how hard do you want to work, and how often do the holes end up in the wrong spot and you have to start over? Here are a few tips to get perfectly placed holes—with a little less sweat on your part.

Back to Top

Step 1: String your line and pound the stakes

String a line marking the outside edges of the posts. Mark the post centers on the line by untwisting the string and pushing a nail through the strands. You can fine-tune the nail position just by sliding it to the exact location. Then pound stakes to mark the center of the holes. If you're using 4x4 posts, that will be just under 2 in. from the string.

Back to Top

Step 2: Carve out a soil divot with a spade

Set the string aside so you don’t wreck it while digging. And don't just start digging away; drill yourself a pilot hole first. Carve out a round plug to outline the posthole. That'll get you started in exactly the right spot. Throw the dirt onto a tarp to protect your lawn.

Back to Top

Step 3: Loosen earth with a tile shovel

Unless you have very soft soil, you'll work way too hard digging with just a clamshell digger. Loosen the soil and carve away at the sides with the tile spade. It'll easily slice through small roots.

Back to Top

Step 4: Use your clamshell digger

Plunge the open clamshell digger blades into the loosened soil and grab a load of fill.

Back to Top

Step 5: Use a reciprocating saw on large roots

Don't kill yourself chiseling out roots. Just use a recip saw with a long, coarse blade and poke it right into the soil at the ends of the root and cut it off.

Back to Top

Step 6: Dislodge rocks with a digging bar

Pick out rocks from the hole sides with your digging bar. Let them fall into the hole and pluck them out with your clamshell digger.

Back to Top

Step 7: Tamp the soil with the other end

Use the tamper end of the digging bar to compact the soil before setting posts or pouring concrete. That prevents any settling.

Back to Top

Step 8: Mark the post edge locations

Restring the line, pull the nails and mark the exact post edge locations on the line with a permanent marker.

Back to Top

Step 9: Cover holes with plywood

If you're walking away from the postholes for a while, cover them with plywood. It just might save a broken leg and/or keep the sides from caving in during a storm.

Back to Top

Step 10: Set the posts

Place the posts with one side brushing against the string and the edge even with your mark. Then hold the post plumb while you fill the hole. Pack the soil with the tamper end of the digging bar every foot or so.

Back to Top

Tip 1: Dig by hand unless...

Power augers require a trip to the rental store and a brawny friend. And they're worthless in clay or rocky soil. The truth is, unless you have lots of holes to dig in sand, it's often easier to dig by hand.

Back to Top

Tip 2: Use water and the back of your shovel

If you're digging in sticky clay soil, dip your clamshell digger in a bucket of water so the soil won't stick. Knock off clumps on the back of the shovel. Spread a tarp to keep dirt off your grass.

Back to Top

Tip 3: Small is beautiful

Unless you're a body builder, avoid those giant, heavy-gauge, fiberglass-handled clamshell diggers. You'll just get exhausted; you're better off with a smaller, lightweight digger.

Back to Top

Required Tools for this Project

Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.

  • Posthole digger
  • Tape measure
  • Reciprocating saw
  • Level
  • Tile spade
  • Hammer, 2-lb.

You'll also need a digging bar, shovel, stringline, and leather gloves

Required Materials for this Project

Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here's a list.

  • Wooden stakes
  • Plastic tarp
  • Small nails
  • Permanent marker