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Adding a Receptacle

Switch boxes can sometimes be used as a power source for a new outlet, but only if the box is large enough and has neutral and ground wires running through it. Here's how to figure it out.

By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine

Open the switch box

First, check to see if the box contains a circuit you can tie into. Turn off the power to the switch box, remove the switch plate and unscrew the switch so you can examine the wires. If there's a pair of neutral (white) wires that aren't connected to the switch, you're in luck (see photo). You can then add the new black wire to the black, the white to the white, and the ground to the ground wires. However, keep in mind that the switch box might contain other wires or have improper connections. If you're not sure, look elsewhere or call a licensed electrician to advise you.

Second, do a wire count to make sure the box is big enough for the three new wires (see chart). The box size (in cubic inches) is often stamped on the inside of the back. If it's not, measure the width, height and depth of the box and multiply to calculate its volume. If the box isn't large enough, replace it with a larger one or look for another place to tie in.

Box capacity chart

Box capacity chart

Box Capacity

Use this chart to determine if the switch box is big enough for more wires.

Caution!

Before starting, turn off the power to the circuit. Before touching any bare wires or terminals, use a voltage tester on all the wires to make sure the power is off. If you have aluminum wiring, call in a licensed pro who's certified to work with it. This wiring is dull gray, not the dull orange that's characteristic of copper.

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Required Tools for this Project

Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration.

    • Cordless drill
    • 4-in-1 screwdriver
    • Needle-nose pliers
    • Non-contact voltage tester
    • Wire stripper/cutter

Required Materials for this Project

Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Here's a list.

    • Wire nuts
    • 14 gauge wire

Comments from DIY Community Members

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May 21, 1:34 PM [GMT -5]

Good comment yelsew55. Here's a link to wiring the receptacle:
http://www.familyhandyman.com/DIY-Projects/Electrical/Outlet/add-an-electrical-outlet

October 25, 2:02 PM [GMT -5]

Okay, I'm an electrical novice. Why not show a photo of how the new switch/receptacle would be wired. Only adding part of the iformatin for a DIY project doesn't help much.

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Adding a Receptacle

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